How to fix the iconv require error in Ruby 1.9 and RVM

This post was copied from with minor updates.

So you are working with RVM / Rails 3 / Ruby 1.9.2 and you keep on getting the following error:

'require': no such file to load – iconv (LoadError)  

To fix the issue, perform the following steps:

  1. Install readline using rvm: rvm install readline rvm package install readline
  2. Now install iconv by executing: rvm install iconv rvm package install iconv
  3. If you already have a version of Ruby 1.9 installed, we need to remove it by executing:

    $ rvm remove 1.9.2

  4. The final step is to re-install the version of ruby:

    $ rvm install --trace 1.9.2 -C --with-iconv-dir=$HOME/.rvm/usr

Now to test that it worked:

  1. Change to the ruby version you installed: rvm use 1.9.2
  2. Check you are on the right version of ruby:

    $ ruby -v # => ruby 1.9.2p180 (2011-02-18 revision 30909) [x86_64-darwin10.6.0]

  3. Start a new irb session

  4. Now you should be able to require 'iconv' and get a 'true' result

    ruby-1.9.2-p180 :001 > require 'iconv' #=> true

Now you should be good to go!